MATERIALS X HIGH-RISE
The rising desire for more sustainable and environmentally friendly urban development is a prevalent topic within the construction sector. High-rise and skyscraper buildings are not exempt from this trend. With the continuing development of sustainable technology and improved material manufacturing processes, the industry is seeing an unexpected leader in building material choice, timber.
Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) / Glue Laminated Timber (Glulam)
Recycled Shipping Containers
ArboSkin Pavilion by ITKE in Stuttgart
No longer are designers, engineers and construction workers having to rely on non-malleable metals to build the next generation of high-rise structures. Various breakthroughs in intelligent and responsive metal technology have enabled increased architectural flexibility and more individually designed buildings for creators.
MX3D: Brownell.B (2017), Transmaterial Next: A Catalog of Materials that Redefine Our Future
MX3D Metal :
A multiple-axis 3D printing robot creates metal structures mid-air when anchored from horizontal or vertical position. Developed in the Netherlands, by Joris Laarman Lab in collaboration with Acotech, the robot can print various types of metals, such as steel, copper and aluminium.
The smart foils made of ultralight aluminium and developed by Studio Roosegaarde are responsive to heat. This enables them to fold open in response to human proximity.
Exo by DoSu Studio Architecture is made up of properties call thermobimetals. Two alloys with varying coefficients can be heated and will curl in predicable directions creating a desired shape and be used to add to structures with minimal disruption.
Inflatable Steel :
Oskar Zieta created a technique where when thin sheets of steel are welded together then blasted with air at a high-pressure, the layers will then, unpredictably, morph in shape.
Made up of a synthetic porous metallic material made up of ultra-light metal material. The lightweight material was invented by HRL Laboratories and can be strained to 50 per cent before yielding.
Recent timber skyscraper developments
Oakwood Timber Tower 2
5 King St.
New Jersey, USA
Michael Green Architecture